Elementary Education in India

Elementary education in India has played an essential role not only in ancient times but will continue from generation to generation. Whatever it is a poor human or a rich the requirement of primary education India is equal for every one. Elementary education is Free and compulsory education to all children up to the age fourteen is constitutional commitment in India.

The Parliament of India has recently approved Right to Education Act through which education has become primary right of all children of age group 6-14 year. After the District Primary Education Programme of 1994, the govt. has now started the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. This education program was launched in 2001 to universalize and motive of improve the quality of elementary education in Indiathrough community ownership of elementary education.

In order to effectively spread out the management, it has involved Panchayati Raj institutions, School Management Committees, Village and Urban Slum Level Education Committees, Parents' Teachers' Associations, Mother Teacher Associations, Tribal Autonomous Councils and other grassroots level structures. SSA, separately from being a programme with obvious time frame for Elementary Education, also presents opportunities to the states to grow their own vision of elementary education.

In order to get better the excellence of elementary education in India, the SSA has emphasized on improving the student teacher ratio, academic support, teachers training, facilitating development of teaching learning material and providing textbooks to children from special focus groups etc. Thus decrease in poverty, emphasis on rural education, help of female education, providing incentives for retaining the children from weaker sections of the society would have to go jointly so that it can achieve the goal set by the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and also the Millennium Development target by 2015 set by the UNESCO.